Different kinds of perfume will send out a different aroma, fragrance and these are made by the smell of the perfume that issued the spice, the following is to introduce several kinds of making perfume spices.
Balsam trees and shrubs are able to send out a fragrance of resin, also called turpentine. In the modern perfume industry, commonly used have balsam of Peru and tolu balsam gum, bitter with balsam, rest and spices, etc. Their shape is yellow to pale brown slightly sticky liquid or crystals, the fragrance of the four-walled are a little taste of vanilla.
Bergamot native to Italy, from Bergamot trees of orange peel extract balm, happy, cool and fragrant aroma, green fragrance with sweet fruit, has the feeling of pure spirit of fresh and 33% of women’s perfume used to this kind of raw material.
Bitter orange this balm is squeezing the peel, Bitter orange tree is also called bi Calais, tangerine trees. The other can be extracted neroli oil, orange flower and fruit bud oil. From bitter orange tree flower is extracted by distillation method, its flavours blended with spicy and sweet fruit. About 12% of modern perfume use it.
Frankincense from southern Arabia and somalia grew a small tree get jelly. Since ancient times is a very important spices, still in use. It appeared in about 13% of modern perfume.
Galbanum a kind of colloidal spices, is extracted from fennel plants grew up in Iran. It is the smell of warm, grease of spice, a mixture of green leaves and the smell of musk.
Jasmine is the important status in the perfume industry after rose plant. Aroma is meticulous and sending, has the feeling of pure and fresh, rhyme for fresh flowers, 80% are used in modern perfume it. Its many varieties, Spain is also called the royal jasmine, jasmine is the most commonly used since the 16th century Europe. An acre (0.4 hectares) of land can produce 500 pounds (about 0.45 kg) jasmine jasmine, but absolute yield is very low (about 0.1%), because the jasmine must be morning dew in the morning also cover when picking, if you are the sunlight, it lost some fragrance, so jasmine is also one of the most expensive perfume raw materials.
Labdanum laudan fat also called half fat, comes from a rock in the Middle East rose leaves of plants. Have important status in the perfume industry, strong cream sweet, diluted and ambergris is similar, and lasting fragrance, very valuable. In the modern perfume can be accounted for the proportion of 33%.
One of the most common spices of Lavender . The flowers provide a fresh and tender green, fresh fragrance. France has a period annually produces 5000 tons of lavender. In the UK, now only in the eastern part of Norfolk (Norfolk) to produce this kind of perfume raw material, a hectare of lavender can produce about 15 pounds of sesame oil.
Lemon oil is not only used in perfumes, also used in spice, with intense aromas of Lemon fresh fruit aroma, aroma and elegant but not very long. About 1000 lemon lemon oil can be extracted 1 pound. Oil from the peel squeezed inside out, can also be water vapor distillation. It is used in many high quality perfume, most is to make of its scent is pure and fresh feeling.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the Valley early Lily flowers only put flowers and oil and honey to get together, now also can only be obtained by purification and coagulation, but not made essential oils. So people use chemical synthesis method have been making the most elegant lilies smell, the compound is called lily of the valley (Muguet). Because of its elegant lilies smell as substitute for glen lily. About 14% of the modern high quality perfume or use it more or less.
Myrrh from Myrrh collection of colloidal substances from trees, from Arab, places such as somalia and Ethiopia, long before its importance is not only reflected in the perfume, it also has medicinal and anti-corrosion effect. The smell as henna and stay joss-stick lasting. Myrrh oil for the light brown or light green liquid, use it in the modern perfume proportion is about 7%.
If nye, Neroli from bitter orange tree flower is extracted by distillation method, nai if Leon (Neroli) is the name given to a 16 th-century Italian prince. See the Bitter orange (Bitter orange) entry.
Oak moss from Oak, spruce and other grows on trees in the mountains of Europe and north Africa. Long-term storage will increase its fragrance, fragrance is a mixture of clay, wood and musk flavor, good persistence. Accounts for about a third of the spices today. The same type of tree moss.
Fragrance irises oil of yellow to tan solid at room temperature, the aroma and keep long, is our product of honey sweet smell, the aroma of violet, by the roots of storage for two years and then refined but become. Its uniqueness is to be able to make other special fragrance of reinforcement. You can find it in many first-class perfume.
Patchouli mint flavor, from the far east is one of the most intense fragrance spices in the plant, usually used in Oriental attune perfume. Its aroma is strong and durable, is a good agent to stabilize the fragrance. Before distillation, the raw material first after drying and fermentation process. Because with the scent of camphor kind is very strong, so spice the amount of time must be strictly controlled. Sesame oil in unique spicy and rosin will over time become more evident, this is the persistence of the best known plant spices. It first came to the attention of people in Europe is in the 19th century, when Indian businessmen to bring on the shawl of emit the aroma, and soon become a modern scent. A third of senior perfume will use it now.
Rose is a kind of valuable spices, belongs to the perfume industry is the most important plants. By Greek woman poet Sappho (Sappho) referred to as the “flower”. Its many varieties, the earliest varieties is the rose, or painter rose, known as roses in May, the original is a special rose French perfume. Bulgarian kazan’s (Kazanlak) region produces a large amount of Damascus rose. Some varieties was cultivated in Egypt, Morocco and elsewhere. Can now be clear there are 17 different rose fragrance, usually, always contains honey sweet sweet sweet rhyme aroma, sweet one, three most fragrance, flowers on oil. Refining 1 pound rose scented oil or rose essence need 1000 pounds of roses, the proportion of pure essence is less and less, only 0.03%. At least 75% of the high quality perfume with rose scented oil.
Sandalwood oil is mainly from sandal wood from India and Indonesia and among the branches, to yellow, slightly sticky liquid, Oriental aroma, in Mysore (Mysore) region produces one of the best, Sandalwood oil are produced in Australia. The trees are parasitic, root adsorption in other trees. Sandalwood oil is the most valuable and the most precious raw material production of perfume, fragrant is very durable, it’s about half will in high quality perfume with the fragrance of the raw material as the foundation.
Tonka from costa tula bitter bark and Paraguay bean extract, native to South America. When bark and bean is covered by the coumarin crystal, can use the rum for processing, the smell it like just to cut down the grass. Made the pure essence of lingling sweet bean used in 10% of high quality perfume.
Tree Moss (Tree Moss) Tree Moss in the United States and oak Moss is a kind of thing. In Europe in the perfume industry especially a spruce tree moss of moss, the fragrance of extractant was like some kind of tar. Commonly used in the perfume in fragrant scent, and have a good solid effect.
Tuberose commonly known as cordate telosma, its fragrance is described as “fragrance fragrant flower garden in the evening, aroma is quiet and tastefully laid out, this kind of flower of sesame oil can be found in 20% of high quality perfume, especially beautiful type of perfume. Pure essence of production is low, output per 2600 pounds of this kind of flower can only 7 ounces (28.35 grams) of essence, so it is more precious than the same weight of gold.
Vanilla oil from the fruit on the fragrant orchid son tendril pod. Native to Mexico and tropical regions of the americas, after fermentation before extraction. Smell sweet spicy, since Cody (Coty) used to “attract” (L ‘AIMANT), after its use in the perfume industry is becoming more common, now use it about a quarter of the perfume.
Vetiver from a tropical Asian plant (Khuskhus) library, library, the roots of distillation in the sesame oil, as the brown to reddish brown viscous liquid, a soil fragrance and sweet with faint orris and violets. Set incense aroma and lasting, not only can be used as agent, also gives dry sweet sweet. Vetiver oil appeared in 36% of high quality perfume.
Violet used in the perfume of violets, there are two varieties: Victoria (Victoria) Violet and Parma Parma violets, the quality is good, the latter are more likely to grow. Sesame oil is extracted from the petals and leaves, but because the cost is higher, now most of the violet aromas are chemical synthesis.
Ylang-Ylang with 40% in high quality perfume with balm tree balm. Particularly applicable to the jasmine, Hester prynne, tuberose, lily of the valley, violet floral fragrance, such as in perfume essence in it to coordinate the aroma. The extracted from the leaves of sesame oil from southeast Asia, similar Yu Dahua jasmine aroma, but more strong and long. Like 2 weeks after flowering, jasmine fragrance diffuses to come, would then immediately fragrance collection down, so the distillation is often in the field. A tree open one year about 22 pounds of fresh flowers, and two pounds of balm of almost 900 pounds in flowers.
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